نکوداشت سیروس پرهام؛ گشایش شعبه سوم انجمن علمی فرش در استان فارس

انجمن علمی فرش ایران - آیین گشایش شعبه فارس انجمن علمی فرش ایران در دانشگاه هنر شیراز همزمان با آیین پایانی دومین جشنواره تجلیل از پژوهشگران برتر فرش دست باف ایران با معرفی و تقدیر از برگزیدگان برگزار شد.

در آیین گشایش شعبه انجمن علمی فرش ایران در استان فارس و آیین پایانی دومین جشنواره ملی تجلیل از پژوهشگران برتر فرش دست باف ایران که در دانشگاه هنر شیراز برگزار شد، از خدمات دکتر پرهام به عنوان چهره علمی و پژوهشی فرش اصیل ایرانی تقدیر شد.

سیروس پرهام که به علت شرایط جسمانی نتوانست در این آیین حضور یابد در پیامی ویدیویی از برگزارکنندگان این آیین قدردانی کرد و تورج ژوله تقدیرنامه و هدیه وی را دریافت کرد.

در این آیین برترین های دومین جشنواره ملی تجلیل از پژوهشگران برتر فرش دست باف ایران معرفی شدند که در بخش گروه مدرسان و اعضای هیئت علمی، دکتر محمود طباطبایی از دانشگاه علم و هنر یزد در مقام نخست قرار گرفت و پس از وی، دکتر نیما سعیدی از دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی مرکز و دکتر زهرا احمدی از دانشگاه هنر تهران رتبه های دوم و سوم را از آن خود کردند.

همچنین در بخش دانشجویی دومین جشنواره ملی تجلیل از پژوهشگران برتر فرش دست باف ایران از سید محمدمهدی میرزا امینی از دانشگاه هنر اصفهان و در رتبه های بعدی افسانه قانی و سمانه کاکاوند تجلیل شد.

مهندس محسن حسن زاده معاون تولید مرکز ملی فرش ایران در این آیین با اشاره به تقدیر از فعالان دانشگاهی و علمی حوزه پژوهش فرش دستباف گفت: تحقیق راه رسیدن به حقیقت است و تجلیل از محققان، پاسداشت تحقیق و حقیقت یابی است.

وی برگزاری سه دوره همایش ملی تحقیقات فرش در سال های گذشته را زمینه ساز رویکردهای جهانی به هنر- صنعت فرش دستباف دانست و افزود: برگزاری دوهزار دوره آموزشی و تخصصی در بخش های مختلف تولید فرش دستباف در سراسر کشور موید اهمیت این موضوع است.

معاون تولید مرکز ملی فرش ایران حمایت این مرکز از پایان نامه های دانشجویی دوره کارشناسی ارشد و دکتری فرش دستباف را از برنامه های مدون این مرکز عنوان کرد و گفت: مرکز ملی فرش ایران با همکاری انجمن علمی فرش ایران شعبه فارس این آمادگی را دارد در زمینه گسترش فعالیت های پژوهشی و علمی گام بردارد.

دکتر علیرضا عسکری رییس دانشگاه هنر شیراز نیز در این آیین از توان لازم برای ارتقای جایگاه فرش دست باف فارس در ابعاد جهانی خبر داد و گفت: با توجه به ویژگی های فرش دستباف فارس که این هنر دیرین را متمایز از دیگر نقاط ایران می سازد، دانشگاه هنر شیراز این آمادگی را دارد برای برنامه ریزی توسعه هنر- صنعت فرش دستباف کارهای بلندمدت، میان مدت و کوتاه مدتی را سازمان دهد.

وی با بیان اینکه دانشگاه هنر شیراز در پیوند با گذشته تاریخی هنر فرش و ارتباط صنعت این توانایی را دارد که در مسیر توسعه پایدار هنر- صنعت فرش گام بردارد، ادامه داد: این توانمندی در فارس وجود دارد که در ابعاد فرامنطقه ای در زمینه توسعه فرش دست باف سهمی داشته باشد.

دکتر امیرحسین چیت سازیان رییس انجمن علمی فرش ایران نیز در این آیین گفت: پس از گذشت ۱۴ بهار از عمر انجمن علمی فرش شاهدیم که سومین دفتر منطقه ای آن با رسالت توسعه و پژوهش هنری دیرین در شیراز راه اندازی می شود.

وی یکی از مشکلات پژوهشی فرش را در ایران نداشتن استراتژی پژوهشی عنوان کرد و گفت: در فارس با وجود بنیاد نخبگان، مرکز استنادی علوم جهان اسلام، بیش از ۱۰ تشکل استانی فرش که هریک در شهرستانها هم شعبه دارند در کنار چهره های شاخص تولید و تحقیقات این توانمندی وجود دارد که با تاکید بر تعیین استراتژی پژوهشی گام های بلندی برداشته شود.

وی استراتژی پژوهشی فرش را منحصر به تولید و فناوری های روز نکرد و ادامه داد: ما نیاز به نظریه پردازی و مدیریت دانش و نوآوری در صادرات و بازرگانی فرش داریم.

رییس انجمن علمی فرش ایران اهداف دفتر منطقه ای فارس را منحصر به تعداد اعضا ندانست و یادآور شد: شیراز شهر فرش است و فارس بدین خاطر شناخته می شود که از نظر تولید وزنی در بالاترین جایگاه فرش دستباف قرار دارد. زیرا یکایک شهرهای فارس فرش را با سبک و شیوه خاص خود تولید می کنند.

چیت سازیان فرش دستباف عشایر فارس را منحصر به فرد عنوان کرد و گفت: دست بافته های عشایر قشقایی فارس به تنهایی یک دنیا سخن برای پژوهش دارند. از این رو، پیشرفت در هر حوزه ای در کشور با تحقیق و توصعه سنجیده می شود.

وی از بی توجهی به امر پژوهش در فرش گلایه کرد و تاسیس انجمن علمی فرش ایران را برای تجربه اندوزی از گذشته و گسترش این هنر در دوره کنونی دانست.

در ادامه این برنامه که با امضا و رونمایی سند افتتاح شعبه انجمن علمی فرش ایران همراه شد، تورج ژوله با عنوان «تاریخ پژوهش در فرش ایران و جهان» به سخنرانی پرداخت.

Beautiful Rugs That Look Like Digital Glitches

Azerbaijani artist Faig Ahmed’s handmade woolen carpets look like they’ve been through a Photoshop accident. Ahmed takes traditional Azerbaijani patterns and rearranges them into distorted, inventive images that look like they’ve been digitally altered. 

Inspired by the visual effects of software glitches and corrupted files, Ahmed weaves his carpets with a team of 20 or more helpers. The rugs appear to drip down the walls or stretch apart, bulging and distorting out of their normal patterns. 

Ahmed’s carpets are on display at the Museum of Fine Arts Boston until January 10.

Persian carpets remain unrivaled

Despite domestic issues and international barriers to trading Iranian hand-woven carpets, Persian rugs are still frontrunners in the global market, according to the head of Iran’s National Carpet Center, Hamid Kargar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“Iran accountsfor more than 30% of global carpet trade and its rivals, including India, Pakistan and Turkey, rank after Iran,” the Persian daily Ta’adol quoted the official as saying on Saturday.

Kargar noted that the Persian carpet is not only a top-ranking global commodity in terms of exports, but is also a brand that draws global attention to its quality, history and diversity.
“In Iran, there are many regions where carpet-weavers produce unique brands of rugs,” Kargar said, highlighting the competitive advantages of Iranian carpet-weavers over their competitors.
Iran has 1 million carpet weavers, of whom 289,000 are active in Isfahan Province. More than 1,000 tons of hand-woven carpets worth $21 million were exported from Isfahan last Iranian year (March 2014-15).
Its handmade rug exports during the period showed an 8% rise compared to the previous year, which, according to Kargar, was “the worst year” in the past decade in terms of Iran’s hand-woven carpet exports.
Although over the past decade, Iran has exported an average of $500 million worth of hand-woven carpets annually, exports of the product dropped to $314 million two years ago due largely to sanctions imposed on Iran for its nuclear energy program.

American Market
As part of an act ratified in September 2010, the United States, the biggest buyer of Iranian hand-woven carpets then, imposed a ban on their import among other products.
Before imposing direct sanctions on imports of Iranian hand-woven carpet, the US imported more than $82 million worth of Iranian carpets every year, accounting for 16.5% of Iran’s total annual carpet exports.
“Since 2010, we lost one-fifth of our exports … However, we expect Americans to welcome Persian carpets again because of its unique designs and colors,” Kargar said.
Hopes for regaining lost markets rose among carpet exporters as Iran clinched a historic deal with the world powers, namely France, Russia, China, Britain, Germany and the United States, on July 14 in Vienna to bring a 12-year nuclear standoff to a halt. The Vienna pact caps Iran’s nuclear activities in exchange for the lifting of sanctions in the upcoming months.
With sanctions-relief on the horizon, carpet traders are eying a return to the American market where the demand for this product is still high. According to Kargar, an American trade delegation is set to visit Tehran in late January or February 2016 to discuss purchasing Persian hand-woven carpets.
“The delegation will include traders, carpet researchers, writers and journalists. The visit will mark the beginning of a new chapter in Iran’s hand-woven carpet industry,” he said.
In fact, the industry has already showed signs of improvement as a result of the government’s efforts to improve relations with the world in the past two years since President Hassan Rouhani took office.
More than 5,000 tons of hand-woven carpets worth $330 million were exported last Iranian year, indicating a 2.7% increase in value compared to a year before.
“The increase is a welcome sign,” Kargar said. “However, we expect exports to rise much higher to $500 million a year, once we reenter the American market.”

Growing Markets
Besides the United States, carpet traders are also expecting a rise in exports to countries that have recently joined Iranian carpet export destinations.
There are two types of markets for Iranian hand-woven carpet, Kargar points out. The first group includes traditional buyers that have known and imported the product for a long time. European countries led by Germany, some Arab states such as Lebanon along with the United States fall in this category.
On the other hand, China, Russia, South Africa and Brazil among some other countries have started importing since only a few years ago, he says, adding that exports to these markets have also been on the rise.
In order to boost exports, Kargar notes that there are issues besides sanctions that have been holding back the sector in the past few years, which need to be resolved.
High inflation, hike in raw material prices and transportation costs, saturation of traditional carpet markets and a shift in customers taste, according to Kargar, are among those issues.

CRI Exhibits at ISSA/Interclean 2015

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Carpet and Rug Institute hosted an exhibit atISSA/Interclean 2015 at the Las Vegas Convention Center on October 21-23.


The three-day show hosted attendees from across the cleaning industry, including distributors, manufacturers, building service contractors, and in-house cleaning professionals. 

"ISSA 2015 was a great show for CRI," said CRI Director of Standards and Specifications Pat Jennings. "W
e were able to speak with a number of attendees about the Seal of Approval program and distribute many of our resources on carpet cleaning."

The show also featured industry exhibitions, product demonstrations, and keynote speakers, which included Jay Leno.

ISSA/Interclean 2016 North America will be held in Chicago on October 25-28, 2016.

UNESCO registration for 50 historical sites

Samia'llah Hosseini Makarem made the remarks here on Saturday in a gathering of officials in Management Development Department of CHHTO.

He added that in the past six months more than 400 natural and historical sites have been registered in national sites' list and Fars Province has special position in this concern.

The official added that special planning has been laid out for the development of tourism industry, and accordingly 350 historical sites have been ceded to private sector.

He said that in a number of cities in Fars and Kerman provinces some historical sites have been ceded to municipalities for repairs and operation. Such steps have been recommended for other cities in the country in order to utilize the capabilities and capacities of private and non-governmental sectors.

Official: Iran rugs back in US in early 2016

A pictorial carpet knitted in Iran. Carpet-weaving traces its origins to ancient Persia

A pictorial carpet knitted in Iran. Carpet-weaving traces its origins to ancient Persia

Head of Iran National Carpet Center (INCC) expects direct exports of Persian rugs to the US to resume early next year, returning the key producer of hand-knotted floor coverings to the market which has been overtaken by India. 

US ban on imports of Iranian carpets in 2010 under the sanctions regime deleted one of the major markets for Persian rugs which are intricately crafted by rural families of often modest means.

Earlier this month, US President Barack Obama signed an order directing his administration to take steps toward lifting sanctions on Iran in accordance with a July nuclear accord with the Islamic Republic.

“This is a promising piece of news for Iran’s carpet traders because an article of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action provides for the possibility of exporting certain Iranian goods such as rugs, pistachio nuts and caviar to the US,” INCC head Hamid Kargar said.

A delegation of American merchants will visit Iran to revive trade in Persian carpets which are the country’s biggest exports after hydrocarbons and their derivatives, and pistachio nuts, Kargar has already said.

According to the official, carpet exports stood at $330 million at the end of the last Iranian year in March -- a fraction of the billion-dollar business before the sanctions were imposed.

A stack of Persian carpets 

Carpet-weaving traces its origins to ancient Persia and is mingled with the Iranian art and culture. Renowned for their exquisite patterns, natural dyes and skilled knit, handcrafted Iranian rugs are a fixture in hotel chains, big mansions and embassies.     

Iranian rugs dominated the US market with a 16.5% share worth $82 million before the sanctions. China, Pakistan and India used the vacuum left by Iran, starting production of rugs in the Persian pattern and selling them to the US.

Kargar said Iran faces an uphill struggle to reclaim its share both in competition with its cheap rivals and in adjusting to the modern tastes of customers.

“Our rivals have overtaken our place and captured a sizable share of the US carpet market over the few past years. According to US customs figures, India has established itself as the number one seller of carpets to the United States.

“We need to highlight our Persian carpet brand to American citizens through a smart promotion campaign. Additionally, we must monitor the tastes of customers and activities of our rivals in order to establish a big and enduring market for Iranian carpets,” Kargar said.

Iran to export hand-woven carpet to US

24th Iran International handmade carpet exhibition
 

 Head of the Iranian National Carpet Center has announced the resumption of Iran’s hand-woven carpet export to the US as of the next Iranian calendar year.

Referring to the licensing of Iranian carpet exports to America in clauses of JCPOA, Hamid Kargar said, “the resumption of exports is promising news to Iranian carpet activists in the sense that Iranian exporters will be able to export goods like carpet, pistachio and caviar from Iran to America on the basis of the agreements reached in JCPOA.”

“Sanctions against Iranian carpet exports to the US became executive by the act of the Congress in 2010; at a time when people of America were the main costumers of Persian carpets and the US ranked first among importers of Iranian carpets with a share of 16.5 per cent worth nearly 82 million dollars,” Kargar added.

He further asserted that over the past few years, our competitors have taken the lead managing to gain a good share of US carpet market; “according to the US customs statistics, India has become number one exporter of carpet to the Unites States,” he noted.

Kargar further emphasized the possible changes in tastes and needs of customers over the past years and called for important measures to provide a large and long term market for Iranian carpets including observing and analyzing needs of the market, clever advertising of the Persian Carpet brand as well as careful monitoring of rivals’ activities.

He expressed hope that by the removal of sanctions in the next two months, US markets will be open to prestigious Iranian hand-woven carpets; “meanwhile, we urge carpet traders to scrutinize America’s carpet market and the Iranian National Carpet Center will offer full cooperation to this end,” he stressed.

The official highlighted the plannings to invite American businessmen, researchers and media to attend Iran’s carpet production centers to further boost collaborations between Iran and US carpet activists.

Promoting carpet exports

Iran’s Tabriz Named World’s Carpet Capital  (19)

Iran’s Consulate General in Hamburg, Abbas Badakhshan, head of Iran National Carpet Center, Hamid Kargar, head of the Association of Iranian Carpet Importers in Europe, Bahram Tahbaz, and 50 Iranian carpet traders held a meeting in the German port city on Tuesday to discuss ways to expand the market for Iranian carpet in Europe.

The need for effective marketing, advertisement and branding were highlighted during the meeting. Persian carpets worth $330 million headed to 80 countries in the last Iranian year (ended March 20, 2015) amid western sanctions imposed on Iran over its nuclear program. The exports are expected to dramatically increase after the lifting of sanctions in early 2016.

CRI at The Experience

 

CRI staff traveled to the carpet cleaning trade show, The Experience, in Las Vegas, NV, on September 9-11. 

Over the three-day show, CRI met with carpet cleaners, restoration professionals, manufacturers and distributers.

"We were able to connect with many professionals at the show and reconnect with many of our service providers," said CRI Director of Standards and Specifications Pat Jennings. "The Experience is always a great show and this year's was one of the best."

This fall's exhibition hosted educational seminars, hands-on demonstrations, and plenty of networking. The next Experience event will be held in Atlanta, GA, from April 19-21, 2016.

13th ICOC in Washington DC

 

The 13th International Conference on Oriental Carpets (ICOC) was hold in Washington DC from 6 – 9 August 2015. This edition of these always popular Conferences is being held in collaboration with and in support of the new Textile Museum on the campus of George Washington University.

 

ادامه نوشته

US market faces Iran carpet inroads

Iran says it is still the world's leading carpet exporter.
 

A delegation of American merchants will visit Iran to revive trade in Persian carpets which withered under intensified US sanctions. 

The group will include traders, researchers and writers of handmade carpets, set to travel at the end of the year, head of the Iran National Carpet Center Hamid Kargar said.

“Our aim is to revive and maintain the handwoven Iranian carpet’s links with the traditional American market and boost exports to the country,” he was quoted as saying by the local media.

In Iran, the delegation will be taken on a tour of the country’s carpet weaving hubs and Tehran’s grand bazaar and museum of Persian rugs.

The carpet trade is on course to get a boost from the lifting of sanctions following last month’s conclusion of nuclear talks between Iran and the P5+1 countries.

Persian carpets traditionally dominate the international market of handmade rugs because of their supreme quality, design and natural color.

Carpet weaving is a family-run business with a history of more than 2,000 years in Iran. Artisan products are churned out in local workshops where honed skills in design, weaving and dying make the difference.

The business is just emerging from three years of sanctions which hit exports hard. Kargar says carpet exports stood at $330 million at the end of the last Iranian year in March — a fraction of the billion-dollar business before the sanctions were imposed.

“Given the positive political grounds which have been created, exports of hanwoven Iranian carpets are expected to boom and reach $500 million this year,” he said.

Iranian carpets are currently exported to 80 countries, but the US holds a special place among the traders.

“The thirst and passion for carpet exports to the American market is highly strong and there is an expectation of a leap in sales to the country,” Kargar said.

Iran is gearing up for an international exhibition of handmade carpets to be held in Tehran on August 23-29. Kargar said the event will be the largest of its kind thus far, where 700 producers and exporters will present their products.

Paper Carpets with Thousands of Strips

 

Young Indian artist Gunjan Aylawadi makes stunning paper carpet installations.
The artworks were inspired by her desire to do something new with a simple material like paper, Boredpanda.com reported.
The unique technique involves hand cutting thousands of strips of paper and twisting them tightly around a thin wire to get paper curls.
“I then glue them onto hand drawn patterns to make these works,” said Aylawadi. The paper curls blend into one another and a sophisticated paper tapestry emerges from thousands of these connections.
The technique is physically demanding but meditative and adds a layer of texture and visual interest to the works.
The works are detailed and reward close attention. “My aim for myself and everyone else is to perform the difficult act of slowing down, both in making and consuming and really appreciate the beauty in small details,” she said.
Aylawadi, currently based in Sydney, Australia, has attended several exhibitions and festivals in Australia.

American delegation to visit Iran for trading carpet

Persian carpet

An America delegation would visit Iran late January or February to discuss carpet trading with Iran.

“The delegation includes businessmen, researchers, writers and media activists. The trip will open a new page in carpet field,” said Head of Iranian National Carpet Center Hamid Kargar.

He further said that the country’s carpet exports rose since the beginning of the last Iranian calendar year (started on March 21, 2014).

According to Kargar, Iran’s carpet exports totaled $300 million and weighed 5100 tons during the last Iranian calendar year, but the amount needs to rise to $500 million.

He also said that the 24th International hand-woven carpet exhibition starts on August 23 in Iran which would be attended by businessmen from Denmark, Sweden, Russia, Germany as well as some Asian, African and American traders.

Iran would also hold a special meeting for the foreign traders to introduce Iranian hand-woven carpets, he said.

Kargar continued that Germany, Italy, Lebanon, Kuwait, Qatar, Japan and China are key clients for Iranian hand-woven carpets.

Iranian carpets to reconquer US market once sanctions removed

Irans handwoven carpetsd

Iran’s hand-woven carpets will once again conquer US markets after sanctions imposed on the Islamic Republic over its peaceful nuclear program are lifted, a new report says.

The report published by the Boston Globe on Tuesday, said “Iran’s famed carpet weavers” are “anticipating a boost in [Iran’s carpet] exports as sanctions” will be soon lifted in line with an agreement reached between Tehran and six world powers in mid-July.

“The Persian hand-woven carpet is Iran’s ambassador. I’m delighted that the ambassador is in the process of resuming work in the US,” an Iranian carpet exporter, Jila Rassam Arabzadeh, was quoted by the paper as saying. “The Persian carpet is like the Iranian flag, known all over the world. Let our flag fly.”

On July 14, Iran and the P5+1 group of world powers – the US, the UK, Germany, France, China, and Russia – reached the conclusion of negotiations over Tehran’s civilian nuclear program, with the Islamic Republic and the sextet sealing an agreement, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

Based on JCPOA, the sextet agreed to remove all sanctions imposed on Iran’s economic and energy sectors in return for certain restrictions in Iran’s nuclear program.

The sanctions were imposed on Tehran by the European Union and the United States at the beginning of 2012 under the pretext that there was diversion in Iran’s civilian nuclear program toward military purposes. Iran firmly rejected the allegation, noting that its civilian nuclear program only pursued peaceful goals.

According to Boston Globe’s report, Persian carpets were among Iran’s top export commodities that suffered most as a result of sanctions.

Head of the Iranian National Carpet Center Hamid Kargar told the paper that before sanctions, Iran’s hand-woven carpets accounted for about one-fifth of the US market, adding that Iran’s carpet producers are already making carpets for the US market, hoping that exports will resume next year.

File photo shows Iranian carpet sellers folding carpets in Tehran’s Grand Bazaar on March 18, 2015. ©AFP

“People in the carpet business have begun to produce carpets suiting the taste of the American market, receiving orders and negotiating with customers,” the Iranian official said.

Kargar added, “Since 2010, we lost one-fifth of our exports because we were deprived of the US market. Our rivals replaced Iran. However, we expect that Americans will welcome Persian carpets again because of its unique designs and colors.”

According to the report, Iran exported USD 330 million worth of Persian carpets last year with the figure accounting for two-thirds of the country’s carpet production, which now stands at more than 53 million square feet (4.9 square meters) a year.

Iran launches handicrafts showrooms:

TEHRAN (Tasnim) – Iran has set up special showrooms for the submission of handicrafts orders by foreign trade delegations, an official with the country’s Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization (ICHTO) announced.

“We have launched and developed showrooms in the handicrafts department with the aim of receiving trade delegations,” Pouya Mahmoudian, the director-general of ICHTO’s Handicraft Exports Department, told the Tasnim News Agency on Friday.

“Trade delegations can have a half a day visit to these showrooms and place their orders for the handicrafts exhibited there,” she added.

The Department has also made arrangements with Iran’s Chamber of Commerce to send foreign delegations to visit these showrooms, Mahmoudian noted.

Iran has a long tradition of producing artisanal goods including Persian carpets, ceramics, copperware, brassware, glass, leather goods, textiles and wooden artifacts including wood inlaying –an art which consists of carving on inlaid pieces of wood and creating embossed designs on them.

In 2012, Iran’s handicrafts exports amounted to more than $700 million in value.

ICHTO Chief Massoud Soltanifar had earlier noted that the country, as one of the three global handicrafts hubs, holds world’s first rank in many handicrafts such as carpet-weaving, woodcarving, and wood inlaying.

رنگ در هنر و عرفان اسلامی

 

رنگ در طبیعت همیشه بستگی به نور دارد. هر نوری در طبیعت براساس طول موج خود دارای رنگی است. نور خورشید که در طول روز بر پهنه زمین گسترده است نوری سفید است اما به واسطه تفاوت سطوح خارجی اشیاء درجذب و بازتاباندن نور به رنگهای بیشماری که پیرامون خود مشاهده می کنیم بازنموده می شود.

رنگ در جهان محسوس، همنشین بی بدیل نور است. و صورت متکثر نور واحد است زیرا تجزیه که یک امر کاملا مادی و مربوط به عالم مرکبات است تجسم طیف های نوری را به صورت رنگ سبب می شود. رنگ نمادین ترین تمثیل تجلی کثرت در وحدت را می سازد زیرا ذات متعالی، مجرد و بی رنگ نور که خود نماد کامل وحدت است با رنگ تجسم می یابد که خود تجلی و تجسم متلون بی رنگی می شود.

      این عجب کاین رنگ از بی رنگ خاست       رنگ با بی رنگ چون در جنگ خاست  (مثنوی:دفتر اول،2474)

این بیت مولانا به خوبی اصل فیزیکی به وجود آمدن رنگهای مختلف از سفید را بیان می کند. می دانیم که سفید و سیاه دارای فام رنگی نیستند بلکه به واسطه بهره مندی از روشنایی و یا عدم برخورداری از آن دیده می شوند.

خداوند متعال رنگارنگ قرار دادن مخلوقات را نشانه ای از آیات الهی برای اهل ذکر دانسته اند؛ و دو کلمه در قرآن به معنای رنگ به کار رفته است؛ یکی لون و دیگری صِبْغَةَ :

« وَ ما ذَرَأَ لَکُمْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُخْتَلِفاً أَلْوانُهُ إِنَّ في‏ ذلِکَ لَآيَةً لِقَوْمٍ يَذَّکَّرُونَ»(قرآن مجید،نحل: آیه 13)

« صِبْغَةَ اللّهِ وَمَنْ أَحْسَنُ مِنَ اللّهِ صِبْغَةً وَنَحْنُ لَهُ عَابِدونَ» (بقره: آیه 138)

در عرفان اسلامی زرد رنگ تجلی است و اگر زرد را بر آبی (که محیط به معنای اقیانوس و آبی آسمان و ردای آبی باکره دریاها است) بیفزاییم سبز حاصل می شود و از اینجا معلوم میشود چرا عموما سبز را رنگ اسلام دانسته اند.

هرچند این رنگ مرکب علامت دین است، از آنجا که اسلام دوست دارد بر ریشه اشیاء انگشت بگذارد؛ آبی رنگ غالب هنر اسلام است. بسیاری از مساجد مشهور نام آبی برخود دارند؛ در نسخ خطی قرآن، سوای علاقه آشکار تذهیب گران به رنگ آبی، ظاهرا برطبق آیه ای نانوشته هرجا آیات قرآن یا تزیین ها درون چارچوبی قرار داده می شوند، حد بیرونی آن باید آبی باشد.

در احادیث آمده که تفاوت رنگ ها یکی از تدابیر و حکمت های خداوندی است . تعداد رنگ ها فراتر از قوه ی تشخیص انسان است به طوری که در زبان فارسی بیش از 170 واژه برای رنگ ها وجود دارد اما حدود هفت و نیم میلیون طیف رنگی وجود دارد .

نظام رنگ آمیزی در هنرهای سنتی بر پایه ی یک نظام سه تایی، در کنار یک نظام چهارتایی صورت می گرفته است . در نظام سه تایی رنگ های سپید – سیاه – سندل ( خاکستری ) و در نظام چهارتایی رنگ های قرمز – زرد – سبز – آبی وجود دارد که با ترکیب این دو نظام ، یک نظام هفت تایی ایجاد می شود.

در کاربرد نمادین این نظام هفت رنگ، سپید و سیه و سندل به ترتیب با نزول و عروج و انبساط مترادف می گردند که سپید، غایت یکپارچگی همه ی رنگ هاست. رنگ نور محض است و نمادی از توحید می باشد؛ سیاه، خفای خویشتن است، جمع ستر کعبه است؛ و سندل، خاکی رنگ و زمین و نمادی از آدم می باشد. قرمز و زرد و آبی و سبز به ترتیب با آتش، هوا، آب و زمین یعنی چهار عنصر اصلی آفرینش قرین می گردند که دوتای نخستین حالتی فعال (قرمز و زرد_ آتش و هوا) دو تای دیگر حالت انفعالی دارند.(سبز و آبی – آب و زمین )

ارسطو دو رنگ اصلی را سیاه و سفید می داند و معتقد است که بقیه ی رنگ ها از اختلاف و امتزاج این دو رنگ پدید آمده اند. همچنین افلاطون رنگ های اصلی را چهار رنگ سیاه، سفید، سرخ و لامع دانسته است. حکمای اسلامی نیز مانند ابن سینا، ملاصدرا یا سهروردی هر کدام در مورد رنگ ها نظریات مفصلی دارند.

در هفت گنبد نظامی نیز هر روز هفته به رنگ خاصی اختصاص یافته است . شنبه به رنگ سیاه، یکشنبه به رنگ زرد، دو شنبه به رنگ سبز، سه شنبه به رنگ سرخ، چهار شنبه به رنگ فیروزه ای، پنج شنبه به رنگ سندل یا خاکستری و جمعه به رنگ سفید می باشد که این رنگ ها نیز تشکیل دهندۀ  هفت رنگ چرخه ی رنگ ایرانی را می دهند تا این اندیشه با واسطه ادبیات به دنیایی که توسط عرفا و حکمای مسلمان ایرانی خیال را چنان الوان می کنند و می پردازند تا در دستان چیده دست هنرمند ایرانی به فضایی « فراسو » برسد.

 

 

 

چهارمين همايش مـلی دانشجويان و دانش آموختگان فــــرش دستـباف ايــران

 

چهارمين همايش ملی دانشجويان و دانش آموختگان فرش دستباف ايران پس از دو دهه دانشگاهی شدن رشته فرش به ميزبانی دانشگاه بيرجند مهرماه 1394 برگزار خواهد شد. رشته فرش در مقاطع کاردانی، کارشناسی و اخيراً کارشناسی ارشد در اين مدت دانشجو و دانش آموختگانی را تربيت کرده که لازم و ضروری است در قالب يک رويداد فرهنگی، هنری و علمی دستاوردهای آن‌ها نمايان شود تا ضمن معرفی بهترين‌ها در يک فضای رقابتی، دانشجويان، دانش آموختگان و مسئولين امر به بيان نقاط قوت، ضعف، فرصت و تهديدهای پيش رو رشته فرش بپردازند؛ تا ضمن هم فکری راهکارهای مناسبی برای حل مشکلات انديشيده شود. از همين رو انجمن علمی فرش ايران به همراه ساير نهادهای حمايتی چهارمين همايش ملی دانشجويان و دانش آموختگان فرش را با شرايط و اهداف زير در تاريخ پانزدهم و شانزدهم مهرماه 1394 برگزار خواهد کرد.

China, largest client of Iranian hand-woven carpet

 

TEHRAN (ISNA)- Head of Iran's National Carpet Center Hamid Kargar announced that China is the biggest client for Iranian hand-woven carpet.

 

China was one of the largest rivals for Iran’s carpet, but now it is one of the biggest clients for the product, he said.

 

Iran’s carpet exports hit $284 million over the past ten months, rising by 32 percent comparing to similar period last year.

 

He added that the volume of carpet exports hit 5400 tons last year (which started on March 21, 2014) which increased by over 14 percent comparing to the year before.

 

Iran’s carpet exports hit $314 million last year, he said.

 

Iran is the leading exporter of hand-woven carpets. Persian rugs are highly sought out for their intricate design and skilled craftsmanship, and that's why Iran exports carpets to more than 100 countries in the world.

 

Carpet-weaving is undoubtedly one of the most distinguished manifestations of the Persian culture and art, and dates back to ancient Persia.

 

There is an estimated population of 1.2 million weavers in Iran producing carpets for domestic markets and international export.

 

The country produces about five million square meters of carpets annually of which 80 percent are sold in international markets.

 

The United States, Europe (specially Germany and Italy), China, Brazil, South and Central Africa, along with neighboring countries are the most important markets for Iranian made Persian Carpets

A museum of memories


It is official. The National Handicrafts and Handloom Museum of New Delhi, known as the Crafts Museum, will become a subset of a new Hastkala Academy. The announcement has pushed to the fore a debate on whether these institutions should be part of the same set-up, and how they should be run. Some think the Crafts Museum needs support and strategic uplift, others argue that bringing an academy to the same premises is just about a new government wanting its own way. The Union textiles ministry, whose department of handicrafts supervises the museum, believes the move will be good for the crafts industry

CRI Newsline Volume XVII, Issue 2, March 9, 2015

CRI Exhibits at VDTA Tradeshow

The Carpet and Rug Institute held an exhibit at the Vacuum Dealers Trade Association (VDTA) from Feb. 8-10 in Las Vegas, NV.
 
This was CRI’s first time exhibiting at the VDTA show and representatives from the carpet industry trade group were able to connect with many vacuum manufacturers, dealers and distributors from across the US.

"We were able to meet many representatives from the vacuum industry and spread the word about the Seal of Approval program," said Pat Jennings, CRI director of standards and specifications. "It was a very successful show and we look forward to working with this industry in the future."


New Products Enhance Seal of Approval

SOAlogo

The Carpet and Rug Institute's Seal of Approval testing and certification program for carpet cleaning supplies and equipment welcomes a group of new products and participants. With both newcomers and some familiar names represented in the group, the SOA program now stands at 391 solutions, 13 interim maintenance systems, 449 vacuums, 105 deep-cleaning extractors and 124 deep-cleaning systems for a total 1082.


New Vacuums Earns SOA Certification

Oreck Manufacturing Company, of Cookeville, TN, acheived Seal of Approval Silver on its household upright models U30001QVC, U30002QVC, U30003QVC, U30004QVC, and U30005QVC.

To earn the CRI Seal of Approval/Green Label certification, vacuums must pass the following independent laboratory tests:

  • Soil removal - CRI uses NASA-enhanced x-ray fluorescence technology to measure the precise amount of soil removed from carpet.
  • Dust containment - The vacuum must release no more than 100 micrograms of dust particles per cubic meter of air, keeping dirt and dust locked in the vacuum - not escaping back into the air where it can be breathed.
  • Carpet texture retention - The vacuum must not affect the texture of the carpet more than a one-step change based on one year of normal vacuum use.

Deep Cleaning System Added to Seal of Approval

Kirby, of Cleveland, OH, earned Seal of Approval Gold certification on the Kirby Avalir Home Care System.


In the Seal of Approval program, the deep cleaning system is the combination of a machine and a particular cleaning solution, following a set procedure. The cleaning solution is tested under the protocol for the solutions testing and then a set procedure is designated and followed. The product is then tested, like the extractors, for soil removal, water retention and texture retention.


CRI Events

  • The Experience 2015, April 27-29, 2015; Clearwater Beach, FL

CRI Meetings

Mar 19, 2015 Product Performance and Standards Panel 1:00 - 3:00
Mar 24, 2015 EPR/CARE Panel 1:00 - 3:00
Mar 25, 2015 Deselection Panel 1:00 - 3:00
April 7, 2015 Strategic Issues Leadership Council 9:00 - 11:00
April 15, 2015 Policy Committee 9:00 - 11:00
April 16, 2015 Product Performance and Standards Panel 1:00 - 3:00
April 22, 2015 Deselection Panel 1:00 - 3:00
April 29, 2015 EPR/CARE Panel 1:00 - 3:00